Under the circumstances, a company can redeem its preference shares (i) using fresh issue of shares and (ii) out of profits by creating Capital Redemption Reserve.
The four main types of preference shares are callable shares, convertible shares, cumulative shares, and participatory shares. Each type of preferred share has unique features that may benefit either the shareholder or the issuer.
In case of redemption of preference shares through allotment of fresh issue of shares and wherein the fresh issue has been made at a premium, the amount of face value of shares shall be credited to the share capital account and the amount of premium shall be credited to the security premium account.
Following are the main journal entries which are passed for redemption of preference shares. 1. When preference shares are due on the maturity date with its premium amount. At that time, we will pass following journal entry.
(i) No redeemable preference shares can be redeemed unless they are fully paid. In other words, only fully paid preference shares can be redeemed. (ii) They can be redeemed either at par or at a premium, but not at a discount.
The sources for redemption come from two sources – Fresh issue of shares and Profit of the Company. When redemption is out of fresh issue, the amount received on fresh issue is utilised for the redemption of preference shares. Thus new shares take the place of redeemed shares.
5 Preference shares
The amount of the dividend is usually expressed as a percentage of the nominal value. So, a £1, 5% preference share will pay an annual dividend of 5p. … On a winding up, the holders of preference shares are usually entitled to any arrears of dividends and their capital ahead of ordinary shareholders.
Features of preference shares:
- Dividends for preference shareholders.
- Preference shareholders have no right to vote in the annual general meeting of a company.
- These are a long-term source of finance.
- Dividend payable is generally higher than debenture interest.
- Right on assets when the company is liquidated.
When the preference shares are redeemed out of undistributed profits, it is necessary, as per provisions of Companies Act, that an amount equal to the face value of the preference share redeemed is transferred to capital redemption reserve.
Fully paid-up preference shares can only be redeemed. Preference shares can be redeemed only out of the profits available for distribution to its shareholders or out of proceeds of fresh issue of Shares solely for the purpose of funding the redemption of the preference shares.
The preference shares contain an obligation to pay cash to the preference shareholders and they should be classified as a financial liability, disclosed as current/non-current dependant on the contractual terms. The 10% dividends should be recognised as a finance cost in the profit and loss account.