The Board also recommended issue of bonus shares in the ratio of 1:3 ( i.e. one new equity bonus share of Rs 10 each for every 3 existing equity shares of Rs 10 each fully paid up).
The announcement of the 1:1 bonus by Infosys means that existing shareholders will get one share for each share held.
Bonus shares are issued according to each shareholder’s stake in the company. … For example, a three-for-two bonus issue entitles each shareholder three shares for every two they hold before the issue. A shareholder with 1,000 shares receives 1,500 bonus shares (1000 x 3 / 2 = 1500).
The company can do the same either by declaring cash dividends or bonus shares. Bonus shares are accumulated profits that a company distributes to the current shareholders as free shares. There are no additional costs involved, and the shares are given the basis of the current holding of shareholders.
Bonus shares give positive sign to the market that the company is committed towards long term growth story. Bonus shares increase the outstanding shares which in turn enhances the liquidity of the stock. The perception of the company’s size increases with the increase in the issued share capital.
Increasing the number of outstanding shares through a bonus issue increases the participation of smaller investors in the company’s shares and hence enhances the liquidity of the stock. The Increase in the issued share capital increases the perception of company’s size.
For Bonus shares to be credited to your DEMAT account it generally takes 15 days from the record date, but this depends on the RTA (Registrar & Share Transfer Agents). You will receive a notification from CDSL as below when your bonus shares get credited to your DEMAT.
The disadvantages of issuing bonus shares are:
- To the company – as issue of this may lead to increase in capital of the company.
- Shareholder expect existing rate dividend per share to continue.
- It also prevents the new investors from becoming the shareholders of the company.
Companies issue bonus shares to encourage retail participation, especially when the company’s price per share is very high, and it becomes tough for new investors to buy shares. By issuing bonus shares, the number of outstanding shares increases, but each share’s value reduces, as shown in the example above.
Tax Calculation in Case of Bonus Shares
Short Term Capital Gain tax of INR 150 (i.e. 15% of INR 1000) is payable. Short term capital gain tax of INR 750 (i.e. 15% of INR 5000) is payable. Note: Long term capital gain tax on the transfer of shares is payable @10% from F.Y.