Why do we debit share capital account at the time of forfeiture?
Their share will be forfeited, which means that the shareholder’s share will be cancelled. All the entries associated with the forfeited stocks, apart from those associated with premium, already mentioned in the accounting records must have conversed. The share capital account is debited with the amount called-up.
Share Forfeited A/c:
It is a nominal account. It is credited with the amount received by the company on forfeited shares. The amount forfeited by the company is a gain that is why it is credited.
When shares are forfeited, the share capital A/c is debited with paid-up capital of shares fortified and the share forfeiture A/c is credited with called up capital of shares forfeited.
When shares are forfeited, share capital account is debited. Explanation: Share Capital Account represents the liability of the company as it is the amount that is borrowed from the public. Therefore, at the time of forfeiture of shares, it is debited with a called-up amount.
What Is a Forfeited Share? … When a share is forfeited, the shareholder no longer owes any remaining balance and surrenders any potential capital gain on the shares, which automatically revert back to the ownership of the issuing company.
Reissue of Forfeited Shares at a Discount
When the shares forfeited are reissued at discount, Bank account is debited by the amount received and Share capital account is credited by the paid up amount. The amount of discount allowed is debited to Share Forfeited Account.
Authority to Forfeit: The power to forfeit must be expressly given in the Articles. Accordingly, if no power is given in the Articles, no forfeiture can be made. 2. Default in Payment of Calls: The shares can be forfeited only for the non-payment of calls and not for the default in payment of any other debts.
What do you mean by forfeiture?
Forfeiture is the loss of any property without compensation as a result of defaulting on contractual obligations, or as a penalty for illegal conduct. … When mandated by law, as a punishment for illegal activity or prohibited activities, forfeiture proceedings may be either criminal or civil.
Accounting Treatment for Forfeiture
- Share Capital – debited with total amounts called up.
- Unpaid Call A/c (Allotment, First Call etc) – credited with the portion of the amount called up but unpaid.
- Share Forfeiture A/c – credited with the amount already paid by the defaulter.
2) Share Forfeiture, Capital Reserve and Securities premium, all are nominal accounts as they represent loss and gain to the business concern.