A limited company may issue the shares on following different terms. … Issue of Shares at par i.e. at face value or at nominal value. Issue of Shares at Premium i.e. at more than face value. Issue of Shares at Discount i.e. at less than the face value.
Shares are considered to be issued at a premium if the amount received for issued shares is greater than the face value of shares. The premium is calculated by finding the difference between the share issue price and the par value of shares offered for sale.
Share issue is the process by which companies pass on new shares to shareholders, who may themselves be new or existing shareholders. … With a share allotment, the shares are created and issued by the company to the people who become the company’s shareholders.
Section 53 of Companies Act, 2013 – Prohibition on Issue of Shares at Discount. (1) Except as provided in section 54, a company shall not issue shares at a discount. (2) Any share issued by a company at a [discount]  shall be void.
Share premium can be thought of as the difference between the par value of a company’s shares and the total amount a company received for shares recently issued. … The shares are given a par value or are valued at $10 each; however, the company has been paid $15 per share.
A share premium account can be used to write off certain expenses, such as the cost of underwriting, commissions paid, and certain discounts. The accounts can also be used to issue bonus shares.
You can reduce the share premium account to zero. You can also reduce the capital redemption reserves and redenomination reserve to zero. The capital can be paid back to the shareholders and must be repaid at par value. You cannot repay share capital at a premium or repay at less than the nominal value.
Securities and Exchange Board of India.
Generally, the issue of shares is of two kinds – common shares and preference shares. While the former allows for voting rights to the shareholders, the latter does not permit the holders of any rights. However, the dividend is passed on to both in case of a profit.
Public Issue or Initial Public Offer (IPO) 2. Private Placement 3. Offer for Sale 4. Sale through Intermediaries 5.