Taxation of Gains from Equity Shares
Special rate of tax of 15% is applicable to short term capital gains, irrespective of your tax slab. Also, if your total taxable income excluding short term gains is below taxable income i.e Rs 2.5 lakh – you can adjust this shortfall against your short term gains.
1,63,500 x 10 / 100 = Rs.
The long-term capital gains tax on the taxable non-equity assets like equity shares, equity-oriented mutual-funds, and units of business trust needs to be calculated using the same formula. In case of these assets, the applicable tax will be 10% without indexation.
You may have to pay Capital Gains Tax if you make a profit (‘gain’) when you sell (or ‘dispose of’) shares or other investments. Shares and investments you may need to pay tax on include: shares that are not in an ISA or PEP. units in a unit trust.
To prevent gains from building up, experts suggest harvesting. This means booking a portion of your profits and reinvesting the proceeds. So you sell a part of your equity holdings to book long term capital gains, and then buy back the same shares or mutual fund units.
Capital Gains Tax Example Calculation
- Your salary is $100,000 per year.
- Your income tax bracket is 37% — ($90,001 – $180,000)
- You make a $10,000 capital gain on shares you own for less than 12 months.
- You sell the shares and 100% of the $10,000 capital gain is taxed at 37%
- You will pay a CGT amount of $3,700 on the shares.
A rate of 15% will be charged as income tax on short-term capital gain on shares that fall under this category. They would further attract surcharge and cess where ever applicable. Gains generated through the sale of equity shares that have been enlisted in a recognised stock exchange.
If you get shares through a Share Incentive Plan ( SIP ) and keep them in the plan for 5 years you will not pay Income Tax or National Insurance on their value. You will not pay Capital Gains Tax on shares you sell if you keep them in the plan until you sell them.
All withdrawals from Stocks and Shares ISA are free of tax, be it profits, interest, or dividend income. Additionally, the money withdrawn from flexible Stocks and Shares ISAs can also be put back within the same financial year to retain the tax benefits.