Companies issue bonus shares to encourage retail participation and increase their equity base. When price per share of a company is high, it becomes difficult for new investors to buy shares of that particular company. Increase in the number of shares reduces the price per share.
Bonus shares are issued according to each shareholder’s stake in the company. … For example, a three-for-two bonus issue entitles each shareholder three shares for every two they hold before the issue. A shareholder with 1,000 shares receives 1,500 bonus shares (1000 x 3 / 2 = 1500).
The effect of a bonus issue in a company’s balance sheet is to transfer a sum equivalent to the nominal value of the bonus shares from ‘profits for distribution’ to ‘share capital’. The company therefore keeps capital within the business, rather than having to pay it out as a dividend.
When companies issue additional shares, it increases the number of common stock being traded in the stock market. For existing investors, too many shares being issued can lead to share dilution. Share dilution occurs because the additional shares reduce the value of the existing shares for investors.
The disadvantages of issuing bonus shares are:
- To the company – as issue of this may lead to increase in capital of the company.
- Shareholder expect existing rate dividend per share to continue.
- It also prevents the new investors from becoming the shareholders of the company.
Convene the General Meeting: The Extraordinary General Meeting must be convened, and the issue of bonus shares must be authorized by passing Ordinary resolution by simple majority as per section 114(1) of the Act and authorize the Board to allow the bonus shares.
By Issuing bonus shares the number of outstanding shares in the market increases and at the same time value of each share decreases according to the bonus issue ratio but if more demand generates the share price can rise more than the decided post bonus price.
It is beneficial for the long-term shareholders of the company who want to increase their investment. … Bonus shares give positive sign to the market that the company is committed towards long term growth story. Bonus shares increase the outstanding shares which in turn enhances the liquidity of the stock.
You need to note here that the bonus shares first get credited under a temporary ISIN and will not be admitted to trading immediately. It usually takes around 2-3 days for the shares to move from the temporary ISIN to the permanent ISIN after getting the approval for trading.
If bonus shares are issued/received, entry is made on the debit side of Investment Account in Nominal column only and nothing is to be recorded in Principal Column as bonus shares have no cost. It is nothing but capitalization of Profits on Reserves.
Bonus shares are shares issued to shareholders of a company free of any cost.
|Debit||Undistributed Profit Reserves / Share Premium Reserve / or Other reserves||Number of bonus shares × nominal value of 1 share|
|Credit||Share Capital Account||Number of bonus shares × nominal value of 1 share|
A Company may issue Bonus Shares out of- its free reserves; Securities Premium Account; Capital Redemption Reserve Account. Further, it has been provided that Issue of Bonus Shares shall not be made out of Capitalising Reserves created out of revaluation of Reserves.
The number of authorized shares per company is assessed at the company’s creation and can only be increased or decreased through a vote by the shareholders.
Is stock dilution always bad?
Is diluted stock bad? Stock dilution is not necessarily bad, but existing shareholders usually dislike it. That’s because their ownership stake decreases without them trading any stock. Dilution also lowers earnings per share (a measure of profitability) and typically reduces a stock’s price.
Once a company sells stocks, it keeps the money raised to operate and grow the business while the stocks are traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). The NYSE is where investors and traders can buy and sell shares of stock, but the company no longer receives proceeds from sales beyond the initial public offering.