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## How do you calculate investment spending?

To calculate investment spending in macro economics the **GDP formula** is used which states that total output/GDP (Y) is equal to Consumption (C) + Investment (I) + Government Spending (G) + Net exports (NX). Where net exports is exports(X) minus imports (M): NX = X – M.

## How is investment calculated in open economy?

**Y = C + I + G + X − IM.** Y = C + I + G + NX. In closed economy: National savings = Investment. Closed economy countries can increase its wealth only by accumulating new capital.

## How do you calculate nominal investment spending?

**How to Calculate the Nominal Rate of Return**

- Subtract the original investment amount (or principal amount invested) from the current market value of the investment (or at the end of the investment period).
- Take the result from the numerator and divide it by the original investment amount.

## What is investment spending in economics?

investment spending. Definition English: **Money spent on capital goods, or goods used in the production of capital, goods, or services**. Investment spending may include purchases such as machinery, land, production inputs, or infrastructure.

## What is the investment formula?

Investment problems usually involve simple annual interest (as opposed to compounded interest), using the interest formula **I = Prt**, where I stands for the interest on the original investment, P stands for the amount of the original investment (called the “principal”), r is the interest rate (expressed in decimal form), …

## What equals demand in an open economy?

draws our attention to the fact that in equilibrium, **national income** equals aggregate demand.

## What is true of an open economy?

An open economy **promotes free movement of goods or services in and out of the country**. The country imports goods or services it lacks in (it is not self-sufficient) and exports goods and services in which it has competitive advantage. Consequently exports and imports form large part of the country’s GDP..

## What is Open and Close economy?

Open and Closed Economies •A closed economy is one that does not interact with other economies in the world. • There are no exports, no imports, and no capital flows. • An open economy is **one that interacts freely with other economies around the world**.

## What is nominal rate formula?

The equation that links nominal and real interest rates can be approximated as **nominal rate = real interest rate + inflation rate**, or nominal rate – inflation rate = real interest rate. To avoid purchasing power erosion through inflation, investors consider the real interest rate, rather than the nominal rate.

## What are the three components of the nominal rate of return?

This permits a decomposition of the long-term nominal yield on a bond into three components: **the expected path of the real short-term real interest rate, the expected rate of inflation, and the term premium** (the compensation to the investor for holding a long-term bond and bearing the risk of fluctuations in its price) …

## What is normal rate of return in accounts?

Normal rate of return depends upon the risk attached to the investment, bank rate, market, need, inflation and the period of investment. Normal Rate of Returns (NRR)It is the **rate at which profit is earned by normal business** under normal circumstances or from similar course of business.